Purpose: This research is focused on the public space in the field of politics that explains how women candidates legislative from political parties and local political parties national participate in contestation with the men in the legislative election in 2019 the level of the city Banda Aceh.

Methodology: This paper uses qualitative research methods with an ethnographic approach contemporary feminist and collection of data through observation, documentation and semi-structured interviews were conducted with fifteen legislative women candidates of local political parties and national political parties from the electoral districts of Banda Aceh were scattered on 9 districts in Banda Aceh.

Main Findings: The findings of this study indicate that there are three forces of elected women candidate to continue to increase each election period: (1) The full support of the family, (2) Grassroots women's community (Balee Inong), (3) The presence of government support through Musrena and Musrenbang forum which became the strength of women's bargaining position in planning and budgeting. Although on the other hand patriarchy culture is still a separate constraint for women working in the public arena.

Implications/Applications: The results showed that the dominance of men who are members of local and national political parties in Aceh making space for women in the general election is getting narrower, plus a serial number of women in a legislative candidate sequence that is in the last number makes women, not the candidates featured in his political party. But the election of women in the legislature is much better than the previous period.

Novelty: The political arena became a force for women of Banda Aceh in scraping patriarchy culture that has been very inherent to Acehnese people wrapped in a religious culture or the habit of Acehnese people who put women into numbers two in development.


  1. Abdullah, I. (2006). Sangkan Paran Gender (Cet. 3). Pustaka Pelajar.
  2. Bergmann, B. B. R. (2018). American Economic Association The Economic Risks of Being a Housewife Author ( s ): Barbara R . Bergmann Source : The American Economic Review , Vol . 71 , No . 2 , Papers and Proceedings of the Ninety-Third Annual Meeting of the American Economic Associa. 71(2).
  3. Creswell, J. W. (2010). Research Design Pendekatan Kualitatif, Kuantitatif dan Mixed. Pustaka Pelajar.
  4. Crompton, R. (1987). Patriarchy at Work - Patriarchal and Capitalist Relations in Employment - Walby,S. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 11(4), 607–608.
  5. Djoharwinarlien, S. (2012). Implementasi Pengarustamaan Gender dalam Pro Gender Budgeting.
  6. Eka Srimulyani. (2012). Nyais of Jombang Pesantrens : Public Roles and Agency.
  7. Fatimah, S. (2004). Negara dan Perempuan: Fujinkai (1943-1945) dan Dharma Wanita (1974-1999). UI.
  8. Gadis Arifia and Nur Iman Subono. (2017). A Hundred Years of Feminism in Indonesia An Analysis of Actors, Debates and Strategies. www.fes-asia.org
  9. Gayatri, I. (2008). Jejak Negosiasi Perempuan Aceh. Srinthil: Media Perempuan Multikultural, 15(October 2008).
  10. Guarnacci, U. (2016). Joining the dots: Social networks and community resilience in post-conflict, post-disaster Indonesia. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 16, 180–191. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijdrr.2016.03.001
  11. Habermas, Jurgen, 1971. Knowledge and Human Interests. J. J. Shapiro (trans.) Boston: Beacon
  12. Haines, J. (1933). Gender, Patriarchy And Fascism in the Third Reich : The Response of Women Writer.
  13. Ismiati. (2016). Eksistensi aktivis perempuan dalam mewujudkan Perdamaian di Aceh. Jurnal Al-Bayan, 22(33), 1–16.
  14. Iwan Zulfan Amir. (2003). Inong Aceh an analysis on the changing position of Women in Aceh. The Australian National University.
  15. Jean Gelman Taylor. (2018). Review Reviewed Work ( s ): Aceh . History , Politics , and Culture by Arndt Graf , Susanne Schröter and Edwin Wieringa Review by : Jean Gelman Taylor Published by : Anthropos Institut Stable URL : http://www.jstor.org/stable/23510181. 2012, 259–260.
  16. Kamaliah, M. &. (2017). Partisipasi Perempuan Sebagai Anggota Tuha Peut Gampong. In Maret (Vol. 3, Issue 1).
  17. Kamaruzzaman, S. (2000). Women and the war in Aceh.
  18. Kamaruzzaman, S. (2008). Peran perempuan dalam proses perdamaian Aceh. In A. dan J. Large (Ed.), Rekonfigurasi Politik: proses perdamaian Aceh (pp. 76–79). Conciliation Resources.
  19. Kathleen Lahey. (2017). Australian tax-transfer policies and taxing for gender equality: Comparative perspectives and reform options. Tax, Social Policy and Gender, 35–68. https://doi.org/10.22459/TSPG.11.2017.02
  20. Khausar, K. (2017). Upaya dan Peran Institusi Lokal (Balee Inong) dalam Menanamkan Nilai-nilai Pendidikan Islam Bagi Ibu-ibu dan Remaja Kota Banda Aceh. VIII(2), 41–53.
  21. Kusmawati Hatta dkk. (2015). Modul Pemberdayaan Perempuan ( sebuah analisa Balee Inong dan Relasi Sosial). WDC Banda Aceh kerjasama Ford Foundation.
  22. Lawrence J. Vale, Shomon Shamsuddin, A. G. and K. B. (2014). What Affordable Housing Should Afford: Housing for Resilient Cities. A Journal of Policy Development and Research. US Department of Housing and Urban Development, 16, No. 2, 21–49.
  23. Leavy, S. N. H.-B. P. L. (2007). Feminist Research Practice. SAGE Publication.
  24. Lee-Koo, K. (2012b). Gender at the crossroad of conflict: tsunami and peace in post-2005 Aceh. Feminist Review, 101(1), 59–77. https://doi.org/10.1057/fr.2011.54
  25. Lisabona Rahman dkk. (2005). Representasi Perempuan dalam Kebijakan Publik di Era Otonomi Daerah. Women Research Institute.
  26. Lockley, A., Marcoes, L., Nugroho, K., & Boang-Manalu, A. G. (2019). Women’s Collective Action for Empowerment in Indonesia. Jurnal Perempuan, 24(1), 13. https://doi.org/10.34309/jp.v24i1.309
  27. Luigi Cavestro. (2003). Participatory Rural Appraisal Concepts Methodologies and Techniques. The University of Padova.
  28. Ma’rif, S., Nugroho, P., & Wijayanti, L. (2010). Evaluasi Efektivitas Pelaksanaan Musyawarah Perencanaan Pembangunan (MUSRENBANG) Kota Semarang. Riptek, 4(11), 53–62. http://bappeda.semarangkota.go.id/uploaded/publikasi/Evaluasi_Efektivitas_Pelaksanaan_Musyawarah_Perencanaan_Pembangunan_(Musrenbang)_Kota_Semarang_-_SAMSUL._M_dkk.pdf
  29. Marhaeni, T., & Astuti, P. (2008). Citra Perempuan Dalam Politik. Jurnal Studi Gender Dan Anak STAIN Purwokerto, 3(1). https://doi.org/10.24090/yinyang.v3i1.183
  30. Marjaana Jauhola. (2015). Scraps of Home: Banda Acehnese Life Narratives Contesting the Reconstruction Discourse of a Post-Tsunami City that is “Built Back Better.” Asian Journal of Social Science, Vol. 43, N(Disasters, Vulnerability and Local Governance in Southeast Asia), 738–759. https://doi.org/10.1163/15685314-04306005
  31. Masrizal. et all. (2019). The Bargaining Position of Women in Village Fund Management in Balee Inong. Opcion, 35. No.89, 514–532.
  32. Masrizal. (2017). Musrena and E-Musrenbang Dictionary-Based Development Planning Against Gender Perspective Policy. Procedia - Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research (ASSEHR), 81(Icosop 2016), 152–159. https://doi.org/10.2991/icosop-16.2017.22
  33. Masrizal. (2018). Gerakan Sosial Balee Inong Berbasis Komunitas Melalui Ranah Musrena dan Musrenbang. In Brahma Putra Pratama (Ed.), Comicos 2018 : INOVASI, KOMUNIKASI, KOLABORASI “Strategi dan Kajian Membangun Masyarakat Kreatif di Era Digital” (pp. 903–930). Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Universitas Atma Jaya Yogyakara. https://comicos.uajy.ac.id/wp-content/uploads/2018/12/eproceeding-COMICOS-2018.pdf
  34. Masrizal, K. (2016). Sistem Kelompok Balee Inong Dalam Meningkatkan Kebutuhan Pangan Rumah Tangga Melalui Konsep Tanggung Renteng. Jurnal Ekonomika, VII. http://jurnal.umuslim.ac.id/index.php/eko/article/view/511
  35. Masrizal, M. (2017). Musrena and E-Musrenbang dictionary based Development Planning Againt gender perspective policy. Atlantis Press, 81(Gender and Developmen), 152–159. http://www.atlantis-press.com/php/pub.php?publication=icosop-16
  36. McAdam Doug, M. J. D. & M. N. Z. (2004). Comparative Perspectives on Social Movements: Political Opportunities, Mobilizing Structure, and Cultural Framings. Cambridge University Press.
  37. Meiss, M. (1993). Women and Patriarchy. Women’s Studies Ht. Forum, 16(I), 57–63. https://doi.org/10.1016/0277-5395(93)90080-S
  38. Naila Kabeer. (2003). Mainstreaming Gender in Poverty Eradication and the Millenium Development Goals. IDRC Publication. https://doi.org/10.14217/9781848598133-en
  39. Nana Adriana. (2012). Perempuan, Partai Politik, dan Parlemen: Studi Kinerja Anggota Legislatif Perempuan di Tingkat Lokal. LIPI- PT Gading Inti Prima.
  40. Narayan, B. (2006). Memories, Saffronising Statues and Constructing Communal Politics. Economic and Political Weekly, 41(45), 4695–4701. https://doi.org/10.2307/4418896
  41. Nimmo, Dan. 1978. Political Communication and Public Opinion in America, California: Goodyear Publishing Company
  42. Noerdin, E. (2005). Politik Identitas Perempuan Aceh (Issue 24). Women Research Institute.
  43. Norman K. Denzin & Yvonna S. Lincoln. (1994). Handbook of Qualitative Research. SAGE Publication.
  44. Nurjanah. (2003). Perempuan dalam Pasungan: Bias Laki-laki dalam Penafsiran. LKiS.
  45. Ozay, M. (2011). Women as Rulers Phenomenon in Southeast Asian Islamic Society: The Queens of Aceh. World Journal of Islamic History and Civilization, 1(3), 142–151.
  46. Partini. (2013). Bias Gender dalam Birokrasi. Tiara Wacana.
  47. Petkeviciute, N., & Streimikiene, D. (2017). Gender and Sustainable Negotiation,. Economics & Sociology, 10(2), 279–295. https://doi.org/10.14254/2071-789X.2017/10-2/21
  48. Ramazanoglu, C. (2002). Feminist Metodology, Challenges and Choices. SAGE Publication Ltd. https://doi.org/10.4135/9781849209144
  49. Ratnawati, O. S. dan. (2016). Model Musyawarah Rencana Aksi Perempuan (MUSRENA) Responsif Gender di Kota Banda Aceh. Palastren, 09 No. 1, 161–187. https://doi.org/10.21043/palastren.v9i1.1718
  50. Salviana, V., & Soedarwo, D. (2014). Political Ideology Meaning and Patriarchal Ideology of Female Politicians in Indonesia : A Case in Malang. 20, 486–495. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proenv.2014.03.061
  51. Sari, R. (2013). Women’s Participation in Local Politic in Aceh (A Case Study). Flinders University Australia.
  52. Serambi Indonesia, Daftar Pemilih Tetap Aceh https://aceh.tribunnews.com/2018/09/01/pemilih-aceh-2019-3453990-jiwa
  53. Scarpello, F. (2005). Tsunami: Acehnese Women Recover Their Old Power. Global Information Network.
  54. Shulamit Reinharz. (1992). Metode-metode Feminis dalam Penelitian Sosial. Women Research Institute.
  55. Siti Hariti Sastriyani (editor). (2008). Women in Public Sector (Perempuan di Sektor Publik). PSW-UGM kerjasama Penerbit Tiara Wacana.
  56. Sufi, R. (1994). Sejarah Kotamadya Banda Aceh. Direktorat Jenderal Kebudayaan.
  57. Supraja, M. (2013). Potret Feminisme Muslim (Studi Pemikiran Lima Feminis Muslim Indonesia). Sadra Press.
  58. Syahputri, Veni Nella, C. I. L. (2017). Partisipasi Masyarakat Gampong Dalam Pembangunan Pasca Lahirnya Undang-undang Desa NO. 6 Tahun 2014 di Kabupaten Aceh Barat. Jurnal Sosiologi USK, 1(2).
  59. Tim UNFGI dan PPKK UGM. (2013). Policy Brief, Partisipasi Perempuan dalam Pembangunan : Mengurai Musrena Banda Aceh.
  60. Thomson. K. Mary, 1985. Feminist Phase Theory. Journal of Higher Education, 56-363-384.Springer
  61. Tresiana, N., & Duadji, N. (2016). Kegagalan pemaknaan " Lembaga Musyawarah Perencanaan dan Pembangunan Desa " dalam mewujudkan Deepening Democracy Failure of understanding " Village Development and Planning Consensus Instituition " in realizing deepening democracy. 29(4), 191–203. https://doi.org/10.20473/mkp.V29I42016.191-203
  62. Utomo, A. P., & Rahani, R. (2013). Kesejahteraan Rumah Tangga dalam Pengaruh Wanita Kepala Rumah Tangga. Jurnal Ilmu Sosial Dan Ilmu Politik, 17(2).
  63. Wolf, N. (1997). Gegar Gender: Kekuasaan Perempuan Menjelang Abad 21. Semesta Press.
  64. Yulia Sofiani Zaimar. (2011). Konstruksi Identitas Perempuan Aceh Dalam Majalah Inong Aceh. UI.
  65. Zamroni, M. (2013). Perempuan dalam Kajian Komunikasi Politik dan Gender. Journal Dakwah, XIV(01), 110–132.