This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Authors retain the copyright without restrictions for their published content in this journal. HSSR is a SHERPA ROMEO Green Journal.
This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of
MULTIFACETED FEMINIST PERSPECTIVES: INTERPRETING MILK AND HONEY BY RUPI KAUR
Corresponding Author(s) : Trishna Deka
Humanities & Social Sciences Reviews,
Vol. 8 No. 4 (2020): July
Purpose of the study: This study attempts to explore the multiple aspects of feminist perspectives in milk and honey by Rupi Kaur.
Methodology: This study is description through analysis. Gaze theory, concepts like ‘écriture féminine’ and objectification are applied as a medium of the theoretical framework. Secondary sources are used for analyzing the chosen topic.
Main findings: The study shows that the poetry of Kaur (n.d.) in milk and honey amalgamates multiple aspects of feminism. Although a reading of feminist ideologies in literary works is not a new research area, yet the merger of many issues of feminism in the same collection of poetry is quite impressive.
Social implications/Applications: The study contributes towards being familiar with the movements of feminism in the digital age. It highlights how the feminist perspective in the digital age has pioneered a unique way of presentation.
The novelty of the study: The novelty of the study lies in the way it reconnoiters the various feminist thoughts intertwined together in the poems of the same collection.
Download CitationEndnote/Zotero/Mendeley (RIS)
Abrams, M. H. (1999). A glossary of literary terms. USA: Earl Mcpeak.
Allen, R. K. (1988). Integrating a feminist perspective into family studies course. Family Relations, 37(1), pp-29-35. https://doi.org/10.2307/584426 DOI: https://doi.org/10.2307/584426
Antene, P. (2014). In Flajsar, J., Chapters in contemporary Canadian literature (Vol. 9, pp. pp- 137-159). The Central European Journal of Canadian Studies.
Assink, L.M. (2019). Instapoetry and its online transnational activism. Unpublished MA Thesis. Utrecht University.
Bari, R. (2017). What's tonight? stories which cannot be told. doi:https://doi.org/10.13140/RG.2.1.1113.4566
Berens, I. K. (n.d.). E-Lit's#1hit: Is Instagram poetry E-literature.
CBS This Morning (2018, February 26). Bestselling "instapoet" Rupi Kaur on feminism, being a Woman of colour. Retrieved from http://biy.ly/1q0v2hE
Butler, J. (1988). Performative acts and gender constitution: An essay in phenomenology and feminist theory. Theatre Journal, 40(4), pp-519-531. https://doi.org/10.2307/3207893 DOI: https://doi.org/10.2307/3207893
Carlsson, M. (2012). The Gaze as constituent and annihilator. Journal od Aesthetics & Culture. 4(1). https://doi.org/10.3402/jac.v4i0.19481
Clark, A. (2017). Exploring Women's embodied experiences of "The Gaze" in mix generated Uk gym. Societies. https://doi.org/10.3390/soc8010002 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/soc8010002
Dharmik K. (2020, March). Rupi Kaur's writing class. Retrieved from https://youtu.be/GtTW1Vu86tE
Dresang, T. E. (1999). Radical change: Digital age literature and learning. Theory Into Practice, 38(3), pp. 160-167. https://doi.org/10.1080/00405849909543848 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/00405849909543848
Ferre, M. M., & Hall, J. E. (1996). Rethinking stratification from a feminist perspective: Gender, Race, and class in mainstream textbooks. American Sociological Review, 61(6), pp-929-950. https://doi.org/10.2307/2096301 DOI: https://doi.org/10.2307/2096301
Flax, J. (1987). Postmodernism and gender relations in feminist theory. Signs, 12(4), pp-621-643. https://doi.org/10.1086/494359 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1086/494359
Chasar, M. (2020). Receiving Millay. In Poetry Unbound: Poems and New Media from the Magic Lantern to Instagram (pp. 54-78). New York: Columbia University Press. DOI: https://doi.org/10.7312/chas18894
Gheradi, S. (2019). If we practice posthumanist research, do we need 'gender' any longer? Gender, Work and Organization, 26(1). https://doi.org/10.1111/gwao.12328 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/gwao.12328
Gold & Klein ed., (2016) Debates on digital humanities. University of Minnesota Press. https://doi.org/10.5749/j.ctt1cn6thb DOI: https://doi.org/10.5749/j.ctt1cn6thb
Hood, L. (2018). It's alive: An exploration of contemporary poetry in the digital age using Rupi Kaur as a case study. Ryerson University.
Imran, M. (2018). Book Review of The Sun and Her Flowers. Asian Women, 34(4), pp. 121-124. https://doi.org/10.14431/aw.2018.12.34.4.121 DOI: https://doi.org/10.14431/aw.2018.12.34.4.121
Jenkins, K., Narayanaswamy, L. & Sweetman, C. (2019). Introduction: Feminist Values in research. Gender and Development, 27(3), pp. 415-425. https://doi.org/10.1080/13552074.2019.1682311 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/13552074.2019.1682311
Jindal, M. (2017). Going beyond the narrative: Rupi Kaur's milk and honey as a modern text. International Journal of Advanced Research and Development, 2(6), 800-802.
John, E. M. (2005). Feminist perspectives on family and marriage. Economic and Political Weekly, 40(8), pp-712-715.
Johnston, J. D. (2016). Aesthetic Animism: Digital poetry's ontological implications. The MIT Press. https://doi.org/10.7551/mitpress/10118.001.0001 DOI: https://doi.org/10.7551/mitpress/10118.001.0001
Kaur, R. (n.d.). milk and honey. Andrew Macneel Publishing.
Kovalik, K. (2019). #Poetryisnotdead: Understanding instagram poetry within a transliteracies framework. Literacy, 53(4). https://doi.org/10.1111/lit.12186 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/lit.12186
Lane, J. R. (2011). The Routledge concise history of Canadian literature. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203829585 DOI: https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203829585
Laura, d. T., (2019). Rupi Kaur's poetry: Trauma and healing.Unpublished Dissertation. Anno Academico.
Lees, E. M. (1989). The postmodernist turn in anthropology: Cautions from a feminist perspectives. Signs, 15(1), pp-7-33. https://doi.org/10.1086/494562 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1086/494562
Lee Y.W. (n.d.). Everything is a meme-Rupi Kaur. The Morning Review, 50, 33-40.
Lindquist, V. (2009). Review essay: Postmodernism and the Canadian sensibility. American Review of Canadian Studies, 21(1), pp 81-89. https://doi.org/10.1080/02722019109481092 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/02722019109481092
Macey, D. (2000). The penguine dictionary of critical theory. The Penguine Group.
Mackinnon, A. C. (1982). feminism, marxism, method and the state: An agenda for theory. Signs, 7(3), pp-515-544. https://doi.org/10.1086/493898 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1086/493898
Macquillan, D. (2018). the subversive simplicity of Rupi Kaur's milk and honey. Dalhousie University.
Mats, C. (2012). The gaze as a constituent and annihilator. Journal of Aesthetics and Culture, 1-7. https://doi.org/10.3402/jac.v4i0.19481 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3402/jac.v4i0.19481
Matthews, L. K. (2019). 'Woke' and reading: Social media, reception and contemporary Black feminism. Participations: Journal of Audience and Reception Studies, 16(1), pp 390-399.
Mitchell, M. K. (2017). academic voice: On feminism, presence, and objectivity in writing. Nursing Inquiry, 24(4), 1-8. https://doi.org/10.1111/nin.12200 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/nin.12200
Monks, P. (2018). The importance of the poetry book in the digital age. Birmingham: unpublished thesis.
Naji, J. (2018). The posthuman poetics of instagram poetry. Denmark: BCS Learning and Development. https://doi.org/10.14236/ewic/EVAC18.1 DOI: https://doi.org/10.14236/ewic/EVAC18.1
Our Shared Shelf Group (2018). Emma Watson interviews Rupi Kaur for Our shared self[video]. (t. E. Watson, Interviewer) youtube. Retrieved from http://www.goodreads.com/topic/show/.
Parish, N. (2008). From book to page to screen. writing and the Image Today(114), pp 51-66. Retrieved from https://www.jstor.org/stable/20479417
CBC arts (2016, November 26). Rupi Kaur's censorship battle with instagram. Retrieved from http://bit.ly/CBCArtsSubscribe
Sample, M. (2016). Difficult thinking about the digital humanities. In K. M. Gold, Debates in the digital humanities. University of Minnesota Press. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5749/j.ctt1cn6thb.42
Simanowski, R. (2011). digital art and meaning: Reading kinetic poetry, text machines, mapping art, and interactive installation (Vol. 35). university of Minnesota Press. https://doi.org/10.5749/minnesota/9780816667376.001.0001 DOI: https://doi.org/10.5749/minnesota/9780816667376.001.0001
Singh, A. (2016). Reading Canada and postmodern culture in Linda Hutcheon's The Politics of Postmodern. 2, pp 83-87.
Singh, S. (2019). Standing Powerfully in Her Words: The Poetic Solo Performances of Indo-Canadian Rupi Kaur. The University of British Columbia.
Szymanski, D. M., Moffitt, L.B., Carr, E.R.. (2011) Sexual objectification of Women: Advances to theory and research. Sage. 39 (1). pp. 6-38. https://doi.org/10.1177/0011000010378402 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0011000010378402
Thomas, B. (2020). Literature and social media. Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315207025 DOI: https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315207025
Thompson, B. T., (2013.). Ecriture feminine. In The Edinburgh companion to poststructuralism (pp. 142-162). Edinburgh University Press.
Webb, A. (2007). Digital texts and the new literacies. The English Journal, 97(1), pp.83-88. https://doi.org/10.2307/30047213 DOI: https://doi.org/10.2307/30047213
Wilkie, R. (2011). The digital condition: Class and culture in the information network (pp. pp. 122-166). Fordham University Press. https://doi.org/10.26530/OAPEN_626991 DOI: https://doi.org/10.26530/OAPEN_626991