This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Authors retain the copyright without restrictions for their published content in this journal. HSSR is a SHERPA ROMEO Green Journal.
This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of
GENDER HARMONIZATION IN AL MU’ĀSHARAH
Corresponding Author(s) : Yulfira Riza
Humanities & Social Sciences Reviews,
Vol. 8 No. 3 (2020): May
Purpose: This study aims to describe gender harmonization in al Mu'āsharah's manuscript by Sheikh Abdul Laṭīf Syakūr. This concept is considered as Syakūr's understanding of gender equality, as one of the 17 goals in Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), from an Islamic perspective.
Methodology: The analysis of this manuscript uses a descriptive-analytic method to bring up the facts in the manuscript which are then analyzed according to the targets and indicators contained in SDGs 5 formulation on gender equality.
Main Findings: This research presents the concept of gender relations in al Mu’āsharah leading to Islamic gender equality as an elaboration of rights and obligations between husband and wife. The existence of women in career and the sustainability of education is fairness according to Shakūr. Likewise, in sexual relations, Syakūr stressed the importance of women getting the same thing as men. Through this research, it is found that there is gender harmonization presented by Shakūr in al mu’āsharah with the concept of fastabiqulkhairat as a form of gender relations in an Islamic family towards real gender equality.
Implications/Applications: This research provides an overview of the role of gender harmonization in SDG.
Novelty/Originality of this study: Gender equality, which is the goal of the SDGs 5 to achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls, has relevance to ancient manuscripts of the archipelago. This study highlights that gender equality can be enjoyed by the people of the archipelago following the evolving culture and customs. Just like the actual gender equality goals of the SDGs, women should be honored and respected, to create a gender equality discourse.
Download CitationEndnote/Zotero/Mendeley (RIS)
Akinyemi, J. O., Solanke, B. L., & Odimegwu, C. O. (2018). Maternal employment and child survival during the era of sustainable development goals: Insights from proportional hazards modelling of Nigeria birth history data. Annals of Global Health, 84(1), 15–30. https://doi.org/10.29024/aogh.11 DOI: https://doi.org/10.29024/aogh.11
Aldona, K. (2018). Criminological Characteristics of Criminal Personality. SHS Web of Conferences, 51(01010), 175–181. https://doi.org/10.1051/shsconf/20185101010 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1051/shsconf/20185101010
Archer, J. (1989). The relationship between gender‐role measures: A review. British Journal of Social Psychology, 28(2), 173-184. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.2044-8309.1989.tb00858.x DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.2044-8309.1989.tb00858.x
Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA). (2016a). Goal 5 Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls. Retrieved November 28, 2017, from https://unstats.un.org/sdgs/metadata/
Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA). (2016b). Sustainable Development Goal 5. Retrieved November 28, 2017, from https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/sdg5
Eagly, A. H., & Wood, W. (2016). Social role theory of sex differences. The Wiley Blackwell Encyclopedia of Gender and Sexuality Studies, 3,1-3. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118663219.wbegss183 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118663219.wbegss183
Fakih, M. (2003). Gender analysis and social transformation (VII). Yogyakarta, Indonesia: Pustaka Pelajar.
Hamka. (2014). Buya Hamka talks about women. (J. Haryani, Ed.) (I). Jakarta, Indonesia: Gema Insani.
Handayani, T., & Sugiarti. (2002). Gender research concepts and techniques (I). Malang, Indonesia: Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang Press.
Jauhola, M. (2010). “When House Becomes Home”—Reading Normativity in Gender Equality Advocacy in Post-tsunami Aceh, Indonesia. Gender, Technology and Development, 14(2), 173-195. https://doi.org/10.1177/097185241001400203 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/097185241001400203
Kurniasari, A., Widodo, N., Yusuf, H., Susantyo, B., Wismayanti, Y. F., & Irmayani, N. R. (2018). Prevalence of violence against boys and girls in Indonesia. Sosio Konsepsia, 6(3), 287–300. DOI: https://doi.org/10.33007/ska.v6i3.740
Martam, I. (2016). Strategic social marketing to foster gender equality in Indonesia. Journal of Marketing Management, 32(11-12), 1174-1182. https://doi.org/10.1080/0267257X.2016.1193989 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/0267257X.2016.1193989
Nekoolaltak, M., Keshavarz, Z., Simbar, M., Nazari, M., & Baghestani, A. R. (2017). Women’s orgasm obstacles: A qualitative study. International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine, 15(8), 479–490. DOI: https://doi.org/10.29252/ijrm.15.8.479
Panuluh, S., & Fitri, M. R. (2016). Perkembangan Pelaksanaan Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) di Indoneisa September 2015-September 2016 (Breafing Paper No. 02). Jakarta. Retrieved from https://bit.ly/2ZAiR9j
Permana, A. S., Aziz, N. A., & Siong, H. C. (2015). Is mom energy efficient? A study of gender, household energy consumption and family decision making in Indonesia. Energy Research & Social Science, 6, 78-86. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.erss.2014.12.007 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.erss.2014.12.007
Peyton, R. P., Ranasinghe, S., & Jacobsen, K. H. (2017). Injuries, Violence, and Bullying Among Middle School Students in Oman. Oman Medical Journal, 32(2), 98–105. https://doi.org/10.5001/omj.2017.19 DOI: https://doi.org/10.5001/omj.2017.19
Purwanti, A., Ispriyarso, B., & Wijaningsih, D. (2018). Strategising local regulations on women’s representation in village policymaking as a realisation of sustainable development goals: A study on Semarang regency. Journal of Social Studies Education Research, 9(4), 319–333.
Rahayu, S. M., Ramadhanti, W., Rahayu, D. S., Osada, H., & Indrayanto, A. (2019). Gender Stereotypes in Indonesian Public Companies’ Performance. Jurnal Aplikasi Manajemen, 17(1), 1–7. https://doi.org/10.21776/ub.jam.2019.017.01.01 DOI: https://doi.org/10.21776/ub.jam.2019.017.01.01
Rerkklang, P. (2018). Sustainability development consciousness and behaviour of Thais: The effects on quality of life and happiness. Journal of Advances in Humanities and Social Sciences, 4(1), 51-59. https://doi.org/10.20474/jahss-4.1.5 DOI: https://doi.org/10.20474/jahss-4.1.5
Robinson, K. (2004). Islam, gender, and politics in Indonesia. Islamic Perspectives in the New Millennium, 183-196. https://doi.org/10.1355/9789812305367-013 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1355/9789812305367-013
Santrock, J. W. (2011). Life Span Development (Thirteenth). New York, NY: The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
Spence, J. T. (1993). Gender-related traits and gender ideology: Evidence for a multifactorial theory. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 64(4), 624-630. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-35220.127.116.114 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3518.104.22.1684
Syafuri, B. (2014). The career of women's careers in classical philosophy. AHKAM: Jurnal Ilmu Syariah, 13(2), 201–208. https://doi.org/10.15408/ajis.v13i2.933 DOI: https://doi.org/10.15408/ajis.v13i2.933
Team of Material Compilation of Unpad Joint Learning Phase Material. (2017). The Sustainable Development Agenda. Sustainable Development Goals. Bandung, Indonesia: Universitas Padjadjaran.
Teng, F., Quoquab, F., Hussin, N., & Mohammad, J. (2016). Re-defining sustainable development values and its facets based on developing country perspective. Journal of Advances in Humanities and Social Sciences, 1(2), 1-13. https://doi.org/10.20474/jahss2.1.1 DOI: https://doi.org/10.20474/jahss2.1.1
Umar, N. (2001). Argumen Kesetaraan Jender Perspektif Alquran (II). Jakarta, Indonesia: Paramadina.
Utami, N. (2016). Wife's family communication experience that earns greater than the husband. Jurnal Kajian Komunikasi, 4(1), 95–108. https://doi.org/10.24198/jkk.vol4n1.9 DOI: https://doi.org/10.24198/jkk.vol4n1.9
Ventegodt, S., Morad, M., Hyam, E., & Merrick, J. (2004). Clinical holistic medicine : Holistic sexology and treatment of vulvodynia through existential therapy and acceptance through touch. The Scientific World Journal, 4, 571–580. https://doi.org/10.1100/tsw.2004.115 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1100/tsw.2004.115
Vong, S., Ros, B., Morgan, R., & Theobald, S. (2019). Why are fewer women rising to the top? A life history gender analysis of Cambodia’s health workforce. BMC Health Services Research, 19(1), 595. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12913-019-4424-3 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12913-019-4424-3
Wieringa, S. E. (2013). Marriage equality in Indonesia? Unruly bodies, subversive partners and legal implications. The Equal Rights Review, 10, 97-111.