Main Article Content


Purpose: Heart failure is a widespread health concern. A person with a heart failure has 5 years shorter life expectancy compared to a person who has a cancer. Specifically, myocardial disease is usually involved with a treatment accompanied by an electrical conduction system. To alleviate the physical burden to heart due to ventricular pacing, epicardial electronic system made of soft and elastic materials is needed.

Methodology: In this review, we discuss candidate materials for novel epicardial sensing/stimulation system that matches similar mechanical properties of heart. Materials are categorized as soft conductive materials consist of elastomer and conductive filler and tissue-like low modulus materials. Like hydrogel and its conductive composites.

Main Findings: The soft nanocomposites integrated with nanomaterials as filler and elastomer/hydrogel as matrix show potential to open a new pathway in high-performance epicardial electronic system that improve accuracy, stability, and long-term usability in diagnosis and treatment of heart diseases.

Implications: Multifunctional epicardial system that monitors electrical conduction of epicardium surface and stimulate epicardium simultaneously could be a powerful tool to diagnose and treat myocardial disease.

Novelty: This review study is focused and written in simple terms for readers.


Epicardial Myocardial Disease Heart Failure Conductive Fillers Hydrogel Conductive Composites

Article Details

How to Cite
Sim, J., Kim, S., & Lee, J. W. (2023). A Review Study of Soft Electronic Materials for Epicardial Devices. International Journal of Students’ Research in Technology & Management, 11(1), 11–14.


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